The Internet Guide to Buddhism and Buddhist Studies.


Article by Gil Fronsdal.

Among the various and varied Buddhist meditative disciplines taught in the United States, Insight Meditation, or vipassana, has been, since the early 1980s, one of the fastest growing in popularity. To a great extent this can be attributed to the practice being offered independent of much of its traditional Theravada Buddhist religious context. This autonomy has allowed the American vipassana teachers and students to adapt and present the meditation practice in forms and language that are much more thoroughly Westernized than most other forms of Buddhism in America. As the number of people participating in the mindfulness practices of Insight Meditation has increased, a loose-knit lay Buddhist movement, uniquely Western, that is sometimes known as the "vipassana movement," has evolved.


This account of selected archaeological sites in India which relate to Buddhism deals with archaeological remains in the area where the Buddha exercised his ministry. This area comprises the present day States of Bihar and Uttara Pradesh in the Union of India, as well as the southern region of modern Nepal.




The resplendent and ever beautiful isle we know as Sri Lanka has a rich historical record. The Short history of Ceylon by H. W. Codrington, B.A. (Oxon.) F.R.N.S. of the Ceylon Civil Service published in 1926, gives the history till 1833 in about 50,000 words.


First, it is an exceptionally comprehensive discussion of Indian Buddhism, treating its history, doctrine, and bibliography with an admirable degree of completeness. Most of the significant topics in Indian Buddhism are discussed in some detail. Second, it is a very clearly written text. Because Hirakawa wrote it with students as the intended audience, he composed it in a style that could be readily understood by students and informed general readers.


The study aims to examine two issues: first the formation, development, and social impact of Buddhadasa's movement; and second the implications of modernization in Thai society. These two issues will be treated as closely interrelated. The main questions are the following:

(1)Why and under what conditions did Buddhadasa's movement come about?

(2)What type of movement is it?

(3)How did the movement develop and what were the factors which promoted and inhibited its development?

(4)What is its function for the members, and why does it appear to be most meaningful for the intellectuals?

(5)What is the social impact of the movement?

The particular hypothesis of this study is that Buddhadasa's movement has had and will continue to have a significant social impact on Thai society.